What Is Type 2 Narcolepsy?

What causes Type 2 narcolepsy?

Researchers believe that HLA and the variant T cell found in individuals with narcolepsy interact in a manner that causes the destruction of brain cells that produce hypocretin.

The exact cause of narcolepsy without cataplexy (type 2) is unknown..

How does cataplexy differ from narcolepsy?

Clinicians now recognize two major types of narcolepsy: narcolepsy with cataplexy (muscle weakness triggered by strong emotions) and narcolepsy without cataplexy. People who have narcolepsy without cataplexy have sleepiness but no emotionally triggered muscle weakness, and generally have less severe symptoms.

What happens if narcolepsy goes untreated?

When left untreated, narcolepsy can be socially disabling and isolating. It often leads to the onset of depression. Type 2 diabetes mellitus may occur more often in people with narcolepsy. Making lifestyle changes can help manage the symptoms.

What vitamins can help with narcolepsy?

Optimizing your vitamin D levels may be your single greatest weapon in combating a wide range of illnesses including multiple sclerosis (MS), narcolepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes, psoriasis, and even some cancers. Vitamin D is classified as an essential, fat-soluble vitamin.

Is narcolepsy a mental illness?

However, narcolepsy is frequently misdiagnosed initially as a psychiatric condition, contributing to the protracted time to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Narcolepsy is a disabling neurodegenerative condition that carries a high risk for development of social and occupational dysfunction.

What are the five signs of narcolepsy?

There are 5 primary symptoms of narcolepsy, referred to by the acronym CHESS (Cataplexy, Hallucinations, Excessive daytime sleepiness, Sleep paralysis, Sleep disruption). While all patients with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness, they may not experience all 5 symptoms.

How do you fix narcolepsy?

There are several things you can do at home to help improve the symptoms of narcolepsy and include the following:Maintain a regular sleep schedule. … Schedule naps during the day. … Avoid heavy meals and alcohol. … Do not drive or operate machinery when you feel sleepy.Exercise regularly.

Does CBD oil help narcolepsy?

The association between low-dose cannabidiol and increased wakefulness underscores CBD’s potential as a treatment for narcolepsy and other variants of excessive daytime sleepiness. Curiously, CBD can help people fall asleep as well as stay awake.

Can a blood test detect narcolepsy?

The MSLT is the most widely accepted diagnostic test for narcolepsy. In addition, a genetic blood test has been developed which measures certain antigens often found in people who have a predisposition to narcolepsy. Positive results suggest a predisposition, but do not prove the presence of narcolepsy.

Who is most affected by narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy affects about 1 in 2,000 to 3,000 people. It affects males and females equally, and symptoms usually develop in childhood or the teen years. Narcolepsy is often not diagnosed for years, or sometimes decades, after the symptoms develop.

Does caffeine help narcolepsy?

Consider your caffeine use. Some people with narcolepsy find coffee or other caffeinated beverages helpful to staying awake. For others, coffee is ineffective, or, in combination with stimulant medications, it can cause jitteriness, diarrhea, anxiety, or a racing heart.

Is Narcolepsy considered a disability?

The Social Security Administration (SSA) does not recognize narcolepsy as a medical condition that automatically qualifies you for disability benefits. Therefore, you must provide a Residual Functional Capacity (RFC) assessment that provides evidence of your disorder and how it affects your ability to work.

What can narcolepsy be mistaken for?

Narcolepsy Is Often Misunderstood, Misdiagnosed, or Simply MissedParkinson’s disease: 2-4 in 2000 people.Multiple sclerosis: about 3 in 2000 people.ALS*: about 1 in 20,000 people.

Does narcolepsy cause weight gain?

Many people with narcolepsy have a tendency toward being overweight. Adults with narcolepsy weigh about 15–20% more than would be expected on average in the general population. In the months after narcolepsy begins, sudden weight gain can be dramatic, with some children gaining 10–40 pounds over several months.

Can you wait too long to treat narcolepsy?

Since the symptoms of narcolepsy usually appear during adolescence, this means that most narcoleptic patients are diagnosed too late to prevent the dramatic impact of the disease on their personal and professional development.

How long does narcolepsy last?

It can be dangerous if the person falls asleep while operating machinery or driving. Sleep attacks usually last between 10 and 30 minutes although they may be much shorter or as long as 2 hours.

How is type 2 narcolepsy treated?

TreatmentStimulants. Drugs that stimulate the central nervous system are the primary treatment to help people with narcolepsy stay awake during the day. … Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). … Tricyclic antidepressants. … Sodium oxybate (Xyrem).

Can narcolepsy go away?

Narcolepsy is a lifelong problem, but it does not usually worsen as the person ages. Symptoms can partially improve over time, but they will never disappear completely. The most typical symptoms are excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations.

Does narcolepsy worsen with age?

Narcolepsy is a lifelong problem, but it does not usually worsen as the person ages. Symptoms can partially improve over time, but they will never disappear completely. The most typical symptoms are excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations.

Can I drive if I have narcolepsy?

When sleepiness is under good control, many people with narcolepsy are safe to drive. However, they must know their limits. Some individuals may be safe driving around town for 30 minutes but not on a four-hour, boring highway drive.

What’s the difference between sleep apnea and narcolepsy?

While narcolepsy affects how well someone can control their sleep patterns, sleep apnea occurs when there are repeated pauses in breathing during sleep.