What Does The 6061 Mean In Aluminum?

Is 7075 aluminum stronger than steel?

A member of the 7000 series, it is one of the strongest alloys available and is comparable to many types of steel.

Although it has high strength, it has lower corrosion resistance than other common aluminum alloys and does not offer the same levels of machinability or weldability..

CAN 6061 Aluminum be cast?

The wrought alloys, which include the 6061 aluminum alloy, are cast and then hand-worked by extruding, rolling or forging them into the desired shapes. … Some of these alloys can be heat-treated by different methods to increase their strength and hardness.

What does temper mean in aluminum?

heat treatableTemper designations refer to variations of the physical properties that are achievable within an alloy. The alloys we extrude – wrought aluminium alloys – are either heat treatable and non-heat treatable. Both types are widely used.

What is the yield strength of 6061 aluminum?

Aluminum 6061-T6; 6061-T651Physical PropertiesMetricEnglishUltimate Tensile Strength310 MPa45000 psiTensile Yield Strength276 MPa40000 psiElongation at Break12 %12 %Elongation at Break17 %17 %36 more rows

What is the best grade of aluminum?

Quick Reference Chart – Choosing an Aluminum GradeFormability or WorkabilityCorrosion ResistanceAlloy 3003ExcellentGoodAlloy 5052GoodExcellentAlloy 6061GoodExcellentAlloy 6063GoodGood4 more rows•Jan 19, 2015

Is 6061 aluminum stronger than steel?

Mild steel is slightly harder than 6061-T6, but the aluminum’s ability to flex under impact actually results in superior performance under impact loading.

What are the weaknesses of aluminum?

Aluminum alloys will warp at high temperatures and unlike steel, do not glow red before melting. Aluminum alloys also feature a lower fatigue limit than steel and will continually weaken with repeated stress. They are rarely used in fabrication applications that require high fatigue rates.

How do you heat treat 6061 aluminum?

Aluminium / Aluminum 6061 alloy is heat treated at 533°C (990°F) for a sufficient period of time followed by quenching in water. Precipitation hardening process can be performed at 160°C (320°F) for 18 h followed by air cooling. This process is again repeated at 177°C (350°F) for 8 h followed by cooling in air.

What does 6061 aluminum weigh?

Aluminum Sheet – 6061-T6Item #ThicknessWeight per Sheet6061-T6-090-48-1440.090 inches2.286 mm60.96 lbs27.61488 kg6061-T6-100-48-1440.100 inches2.54 mm67.74 lbs30.68622 kg6061-T6-125-36-960.125 inches3.1750 mm42.34 lbs19.18002 kg6061-T6-125-36-1200.125 inches3.1750 mm52.92 lbs23.97276 kg19 more rows

What is the difference between 6061 and 6061 t6 aluminum?

Material Properties of 6061-T4 and 6061-T6 Aluminum Generally, 6061 aluminum is solution heat treated, then aged. T4 temper aluminum is naturally aged, and T6 temper aluminum is artificially aged for maximum strength.

What is the difference between 5052 and 6061 aluminum?

6061 aluminum does not have as high a fatigue strength as 5052 aluminum (96.5 MPa VS. … 6061 aluminum has a higher thermal conductivity than 5052 aluminum, making it the preferred choice for heat dissipation applications. For all the reasons 6061 aluminum fails as a forming alloy, it succeeds as a machining alloy.

How do you temper Aluminium?

Solution heat treatment is done by raising the alloy temperature to about 980 degrees F and holding it there for about an hour. The purpose of this is to dissolve all the alloying elements in a solid solution in the aluminum. Then we quench the alloy in water.

What does annealing do to aluminum?

What is Annealing? There is much written technically about annealing (which I won’t repeat here) however, in this case it involves heating the Aluminium close to it’s melting point and then letting it cool slowly. The heating process ‘relaxes’ the crystalline structure of the material making it more malleable (bendy).

What is the difference between t6 and t6511 aluminum?

T6511. I understand that T6511 is stress-relieved by stretching and artificially aged, whereas T6 is simply artificially aged, but theoretically they have the same mechanical (tensile) properties.

What is 6061 t6 aluminum used for?

Other common applications of 6061-T6 aluminum include bicycle frames, applications where heat transfer is required, such as heat exchangers, air coolers and heat-sinks, and applications where 6061-T6’s non-corrosive characteristics are important, such as water, air and hydraulic piping and tubing.

Can you bend 6061 t6 aluminum?

Answer: 6061-T6 aluminum is tempered and notorious for not bending easily. From a bending perspective, it’s always best to bend these parts in an annealed state and then temper them to the correct condition.

What is the cheapest type of aluminum?

6061 is the most common of the aluminum alloys and is usually the cheapest.

What Aluminum bends the best?

Aluminium alloy 3003 excellent for bending The best series for forming – and thus for bending – are the alloy series 3xxx, 5xxx and in some cases 6xxx. Aluminium alloy 6063 is a good choice, for example, while 6082 is more difficult.

What does quenching do to aluminum?

The objective of quenching here is to “freeze” the trapped elements in place, or to cool the aluminum part rapidly enough that the alloying elements do not have a chance to precipitate out as the part cools. Water is the most commonly used quenchant, and typically the most effective quenchant for aluminum alloys.

How strong is aircraft grade aluminum?

T6 temper 6061 has been treated to provide the maximum precipitation hardening (and therefore maximum yield strength) for a 6061 aluminum alloy. It has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 290 MPa (42 ksi) and yield strength of at least 240 MPa (35 ksi).

Is 6061 t6 aluminum strong?

6061 Aluminum Sheet 6061 T6 is one of the most common materials in the world. The T6 refers to the temper or degree of hardness, which is achieved by precipitation hardening. This grade has a good strength-to-weight ratio and is also heat-treatable.