Quick Answer: What Was Athens Social Structure?

What was Athenian society like?

The Athenian elite lived relatively modestly, and wealth and land were not concentrated in the hands of the few, but rather distributed fairly evenly across the upper classes.

Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power..

Did Athens beat Sparta?

The Athenians never completely won an entire war against the Spartans, but they did defeat the Spartans in many battles. The Athenians mostly defeated the Spartans at sea, since the Athenian navy for most of the Peloponnesian War was vastly superior to the Spartan navy.

Who won Athens or Sparta?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta.

What are 5 facts about Athens?

15 Incredible Facts About AthensAthens is Europe’s oldest capital. … Athens has experienced almost every form of government. … If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron. … The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens. … Athens is home to the first known democracy. … Athens has the most theatrical stages in the world.More items…

What did Athens value the most?

The Athenians themselves, during this time period valued the cultural and intellectual development of their city, their form of government — so they placed great value in their democracy, in its time it was even lauded by opponents and admirers alike for its remarkable stability.

How did Athenians get the goods they needed for everyday life?

How did Athenians get the goods they needed for every day life? Athenians got the goods they needed for everyday life by trading with foreign lands and other city states. Buying and selling goods in the agora, or marketplace. Using coins, which made trade easier.

What was the Athenian government?

Athenian democracy developed around the sixth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica. Athenian democracy is often described as the first known democracy in the world. … The longest-lasting democratic leader was Pericles.

How was ancient Athens organized?

During this period, Athens, like most ancient societies, was ruled by a small group of elites known as aristocrats. It is important to remember that aristocrats inherited their status by birth. These individuals controlled the few natural resources throughout the countryside surrounding the city of Athens.

What made Athens great?

Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. The people of Athens lived below the Acropolis (rocky hill). The marble Parthenon, a temple, (see picture above) was built on the highest part of the Acropolis.

How was life in ancient Athens?

The center of daily life in Athens was the home. Houses were very simple, in comparison to their public places, with few windows, doors, and pieces of furniture. Even food was simple. Bread and wine were served for breakfast and lunch with wine, fruits, vegetables, and fish were for dinner.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. … Finally, by refusing to destroy their former enemy, as their “allies” demanded, the Spartans made it clear on who “really is in charge” in Greece.

What caused Athens to fall?

Although Athens was enjoying a golden age while led by Pericles, this soon came to an end and thus began the fall of Athens. That fall began in 431 B.C.E. when the 27 year long Peloponnesian War began. … Both Athens and Sparta longed for dominance, and in May of 431 B.C.E., war broke out between them.

How did the Athenian democracy keep one person from gaining too much power?

To ensure stability, the Athenians set up their gov- ernment to keep one person from gaining too much power.

Who was considered a citizen in Athens?

To be classed as a citizen in fifth-century Athens you had to be male, born from two Athenian parents and over eighteen years old, and complete your military service. Women, slaves, metics and children were not allowed to become citizens.

What is Sparta called now?

Sparta (Greek: Σπάρτη, Spárti, [ˈsparti]) is a town and municipality in Laconia, Greece. It lies at the site of ancient Sparta. The municipality was merged with six nearby municipalities in 2011, for a total population (as of 2011) of 35,259, of whom 17,408 lived in the city.

What is ancient Athens famous for?

Athens. Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

What was bad about Athens?

In the city’s market place one could see poverty, slave drivers, loud peddlers and those who cheated their customers. Some wealthy Athenians grumbled about the vulgarity of democratic politics. Some of them found democratic government too slow in making judgments and getting things done.