 # Quick Answer: How Do You Calculate Voltage Across A Transistor?

## How do you measure voltage across a transistor?

Hook the positive lead from the multimeter to the to the BASE (B) of the transistor.

Hook the negative meter lead to the EMITTER (E) of the transistor.

For an good NPN transistor, the meter should show a voltage drop between 0.45V and 0.9V.

If you are testing PNP transistor, you should see “OL” (Over Limit)..

## Can I use PNP instead of NPN?

Generally, the PNP transistor can replace NPN transistors in most electronic circuits, the only difference is the polarities of the voltages, and the directions of the current flow. PNP transistors can also be used as switching devices and an example of a PNP transistor switch is shown below.

## Are NPN and PNP transistors interchangeable?

Answer: NPN and PNP transistors are interchangeable if you remember one simple rule: A bipolar transistor is essentially two back-to-back diodes with the base being the common connection.

## What is ΒDC equal to?

βdc is the amplification factor by which the base current gets amplified by. So the total output current, IC will be IC=βdc x IB.

## Why VCE SAT is 0.2 V?

Because the charge carriers injected from the base effectively eliminate the depletion zone between the collector and emitter. The collector current doesn’t have to overcome the P-N junction potential because the base current has neutralized it.

## What is the voltage drop across a transistor?

A general-purpose transistor will drop about . 1 to . 3 volts across the collector/emitter terminals (VCE(sat); see datasheet) when in saturation mode (fully on).

## What is the turn on voltage of a transistor?

A base emitter voltage VBE of about 0.6 v will “turn on” the base-emitter diode and that voltage changes very little, < +/- 0.1v throughout the active range of the transistor which may change base current by a factor of 10 or more.

## How is VCE calculated in transistor?

Determine the voltage drop between the collector and emitter junctions (Vce) of the transistor using the formula Vce = Vcc – IcRc, where “Vce” is the collector emitter voltage; “Vcc” is the supply voltage; and “IcRc” is the voltage drop across the base resistor (Rb).

## Is VBE always 0.7 V?

VBE is the voltage that falls between the base and emitter of a bipolar junction transistor. VBE is approximately 0.7V for a silicon transistor. For a germanium transistor (which is more rare), VBE is approximately 0.3V. Again, this formula, can be used for either silicon or germanium transistors.

## What is PNP and NPN?

As they are normally referred, PNP and NPN sensors are both supplied with positive and negative power leads, then produce a signal to indicate an “on” state. PNP sensors produce a positive output to your industrial controls input, while NPN sensors produce a negative signal during an “on” state.

## Where is PNP transistor used?

The transistors PNP and NPN are BJTs and it is a basic electrical component, used in various electrical and electronic circuits to build the projects. The operation of the PNP and NPN transistors mainly utilizes holes and electrons. These transistors can be used as amplifiers, switches and oscillators.

## Why is VbE 0.7 V?

For an unbiased transistor, considering only the BE junction which is a pn junction diode, 0.7V is the potential barrier. In an npn transistor base is positive(p) and emitter is negative(n). … But in a pnp transistor the base is negative(n) and emitter is positive(p) so the vbe=-0.7V.